By “work of teaching,” we mean the core tasks that teach- ers must

By “work of teaching,” we mean the core tasks that teach- ers must execute to help pupils learn. These include activities carried on both inside and beyond the classroom, such as leading a discussion of solutions to a mathematics problem, probing students’ answers, reviewing material for a science test, listening to and assessing students’ oral … Continue reading “By “work of teaching,” we mean the core tasks that teach- ers must”

By “work of teaching,” we mean the core tasks that teach- ers must execute to help pupils learn. These include activities carried on both inside and beyond the classroom, such as leading a discussion of solutions to a mathematics problem, probing students’ answers, reviewing material for a science test, listening to and assessing students’ oral reading, explain- ing an interpretation of a poem, talking with parents, evaluating students’ papers, planning, and creating and maintaining an orderly and supportive environment for learning. The work of teaching includes broad cultural competence and rela- tional sensitivity, communication skills, and the combination of rigor and imagination fundamental to effective practice. Skillful teaching requires appropriately using and integrating specific moves and activities in particular cases and con- texts, based on knowledge and understanding of one’s pupils and on the application of professional judgment. This inte- gration also depends on opportunities to practice and to measure one’s performance against exemplars. Performing these activities effectively is intricate work. Professional training should be designed to help teachers learn to enact these tasks skillfully. Such training would involve seeing examples of each task, learning to dissect and analyze the work, watching demonstrations, and then practicing under

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